In my last column, we followed sugars and starches through the trail of digestion. We followed the carbohydrate foods through the mouth and down to the upper part of the bowel as they were broken into simple sugars by the action of enzymes produced in the mouth, the stomach, and the small intestine.
Let’s have a quick review of where we are in our study of carbohydrates. From our previous discussions, you now understand that everything we eat is one, or a combination of, five substances: carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamin, or mineral. You now know that ‘carbohydrate’ means ‘one of many different combinations of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, whose various sections join and break apart by taking on, or releasing water,’ and that this is done in a process called ‘hydrolysis’.